Contra Costa County vs. California
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Contra Costa County:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $70,053
2017 Percent of State = 97.3%
California:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $71,967
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Contra Costa County with comparisons to California and the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Contra Costa County.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller counties. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent counties owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Contra Costa County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Contra Costa County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Contra Costa County's annual average earnings per job over 1969-2017 in current and constant (2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Contra Costa County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Contra Costa County's average earnings per job increased 778.4%, from $7,975 in 1969 to $70,053 in 2017. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 65.7%, from $39,848 in 1969 to $66,042 in 2017.
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Contra Costa County's and California's annual real average earnings per job for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate real average earnings per job patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Contra Costa County's real average earnings per job rose from $39,848 in 1969 to $66,042 in 2017, for a net gain of $26,195, or 65.7%. In comparison, California's real average earnings per job advanced from $41,262 in 1969 to $67,846 in 2017, for a net gain of $26,585, or 64.4%.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Contra Costa County's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with California, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Contra Costa County's overall real average earnings per job growth was 65.7% over 1969-2017 outpaced California's increase of 64.4%, and outpaced the United States' increase of 59.1%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 portrays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Contra Costa County and California average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2017.
In 1969, Contra Costa County's average earnings per job amounted to 110.8% of the national average; in 2017, it approximated 115.5%. Similarly, in 1969, California's average earnings per job totaled 114.8% of the national average; in 2017, it consisted of 118.6%.
Contra Costa County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Contra Costa County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Contra Costa County's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Contra Costa County's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 1.10% over 1970-2017. The county posted its highest growth in 2001 (10.58%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-5.19%). In 2017, Contra Costa County's real average earnings per job grew by 1.90%
Contra Costa County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Contra Costa County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again shows the annual percent change in Contra Costa County's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Contra Costa County's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged 0.25%. It averaged 1.46% throughout the 1980s, 2.30% during the 1990s, 0.96% throughout the 2000s, and 0.36% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Contra Costa County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for California and the nation. As the chart reveals, Contra Costa County's average annual real average earnings per job growth fell below California's average throughout the 1970s (0.25% vs. 0.36%), led California's average throughout the 1980s (1.46% vs. 0.88%), topped California's average in the 1990s (2.30% vs. 1.72%), amounted to less than California's average throughout the 2000s (0.96% vs. 1.04%), and posted below California's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (0.36% vs. 1.37%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Contra Costa County posted below the nation in the 1970s (0.25% vs. 0.89%), surpassed the nation in the 1980s (1.46% vs. 0.70%), recorded above the nation over the 1990s (2.30% vs. 1.68%), outperformed the nation throughout the 2000s (0.96% vs. 0.72%), and recorded underneath the nation over 2010-2017 (0.36% vs. 0.92%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
1.10
0.25
1.46
2.30
0.96
0.36
1.90
 
1.06
0.36
0.88
1.72
1.04
1.37
2.17
 
0.98
0.89
0.70
1.68
0.72
0.92
1.41
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Contra Costa County:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,975
0.200
39,848
100.0
N
96.57
110.83
1970
 
8,366
0.210
39,930
100.2
0.21
96.33
109.85
1971
 
8,928
0.218
40,877
102.6
2.37
97.29
109.88
1972
 
9,500
0.226
42,061
105.6
2.90
96.96
109.00
1973
 
9,853
0.238
41,394
103.9
-1.59
95.77
105.26
1974
 
10,573
0.263
40,231
101.0
-2.81
96.33
106.21
1975
 
11,380
0.285
39,973
100.3
-0.64
96.91
105.94
1976
 
12,387
0.300
41,247
103.5
3.19
97.41
106.99
1977
 
13,110
0.320
40,986
102.9
-0.63
96.14
105.37
1978
 
14,105
0.342
41,229
103.5
0.59
95.86
104.56
1979
 
15,187
0.373
40,770
102.3
-1.11
95.51
104.01
1980
 
16,279
0.413
39,453
99.0
-3.23
94.33
103.74
1981
 
17,554
0.450
39,046
98.0
-1.03
94.13
102.71
1982
 
18,666
0.475
39,333
98.7
0.73
94.00
103.69
1983
 
19,946
0.495
40,317
101.2
2.50
95.22
105.36
1984
 
21,528
0.513
41,931
105.2
4.00
96.22
106.61
1985
 
22,834
0.531
42,975
107.8
2.49
97.16
108.00
1986
 
24,537
0.543
45,196
113.4
5.17
99.12
111.07
1987
 
26,394
0.560
47,163
118.4
4.35
101.05
114.06
1988
 
27,619
0.582
47,495
119.2
0.71
101.15
113.07
1989
 
28,517
0.607
46,988
117.9
-1.07
101.01
111.89
1990
 
29,288
0.634
46,229
116.0
-1.62
99.39
110.00
1991
 
30,902
0.655
47,199
118.4
2.10
101.05
112.12
1992
 
33,500
0.672
49,838
125.1
5.59
102.13
113.89
1993
 
35,094
0.689
50,940
127.8
2.21
104.94
116.42
1994
 
35,244
0.703
50,112
125.8
-1.63
103.43
113.85
1995
 
36,584
0.718
50,945
127.8
1.66
105.44
115.56
1996
 
37,933
0.733
51,718
129.8
1.52
105.45
115.41
1997
 
39,622
0.746
53,096
133.2
2.66
104.54
115.58
1998
 
42,085
0.752
55,952
140.4
5.38
106.20
116.65
1999
 
44,913
0.763
58,834
147.6
5.15
106.89
118.74
2000
 
47,680
0.782
60,944
152.9
3.59
103.89
119.26
2001
 
53,736
0.797
67,390
169.1
10.58
113.62
129.56
2002
 
55,112
0.808
68,217
171.2
1.23
114.45
129.96
2003
 
56,587
0.824
68,708
172.4
0.72
113.22
129.62
2004
 
59,594
0.844
70,600
177.2
2.75
113.21
131.10
2005
 
61,719
0.868
71,095
178.4
0.70
113.83
132.30
2006
 
64,191
0.892
71,984
180.6
1.25
114.00
132.51
2007
 
62,956
0.914
68,851
172.8
-4.35
110.54
127.48
2008
 
63,767
0.942
67,708
169.9
-1.66
111.63
126.79
2009
 
60,401
0.941
64,193
161.1
-5.19
105.42
120.71
2010
 
61,569
0.957
64,332
161.4
0.22
101.96
117.98
2011
 
63,652
0.981
64,864
162.8
0.83
101.87
118.69
2012
 
65,169
1.000
65,169
163.5
0.47
101.59
117.79
2013
 
65,285
1.013
64,418
161.7
-1.15
101.29
116.34
2014
 
65,482
1.029
63,656
159.7
-1.18
99.38
114.12
2015
 
66,085
1.031
64,082
160.8
0.67
97.22
113.20
2016
 
67,556
1.042
64,812
162.6
1.14
97.60
114.94
2017
 
70,053
1.061
66,042
165.7
1.90
97.34
115.48
Source: Calculations by the California Regional Economic Analysis Project (CA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
California:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
8,258
0.200
41,262
100.0
N
114.76
1970
 
8,684
0.210
41,451
100.5
0.46
114.03
1971
 
9,177
0.218
42,017
101.8
1.37
112.94
1972
 
9,797
0.226
43,378
105.1
3.24
112.42
1973
 
10,288
0.238
43,223
104.8
-0.36
109.91
1974
 
10,976
0.263
41,764
101.2
-3.37
110.26
1975
 
11,743
0.285
41,246
100.0
-1.24
109.31
1976
 
12,717
0.300
42,344
102.6
2.66
109.84
1977
 
13,636
0.320
42,631
103.3
0.68
109.60
1978
 
14,714
0.342
43,009
104.2
0.89
109.08
1979
 
15,901
0.373
42,686
103.5
-0.75
108.89
1980
 
17,258
0.413
41,825
101.4
-2.02
109.98
1981
 
18,648
0.450
41,480
100.5
-0.83
109.11
1982
 
19,856
0.475
41,842
101.4
0.87
110.31
1983
 
20,948
0.495
42,342
102.6
1.20
110.65
1984
 
22,374
0.513
43,577
105.6
2.92
110.79
1985
 
23,502
0.531
44,232
107.2
1.50
111.16
1986
 
24,754
0.543
45,596
110.5
3.08
112.05
1987
 
26,121
0.560
46,675
113.1
2.37
112.88
1988
 
27,304
0.582
46,954
113.8
0.60
111.79
1989
 
28,233
0.607
46,520
112.7
-0.93
110.77
1990
 
29,467
0.634
46,511
112.7
-0.02
110.67
1991
 
30,582
0.655
46,710
113.2
0.43
110.96
1992
 
32,801
0.672
48,798
118.3
4.47
111.51
1993
 
33,441
0.689
48,541
117.6
-0.53
110.94
1994
 
34,076
0.703
48,451
117.4
-0.18
110.08
1995
 
34,698
0.718
48,319
117.1
-0.27
109.60
1996
 
35,971
0.733
49,043
118.9
1.50
109.44
1997
 
37,902
0.746
50,792
123.1
3.57
110.56
1998
 
39,627
0.752
52,685
127.7
3.73
109.84
1999
 
42,018
0.763
55,043
133.4
4.48
111.09
2000
 
45,896
0.782
58,664
142.2
6.58
114.80
2001
 
47,296
0.797
59,314
143.8
1.11
114.03
2002
 
48,153
0.808
59,603
144.5
0.49
113.55
2003
 
49,978
0.824
60,684
147.1
1.81
114.48
2004
 
52,641
0.844
62,363
151.1
2.77
115.80
2005
 
54,221
0.868
62,458
151.4
0.15
116.23
2006
 
56,309
0.892
63,146
153.0
1.10
116.24
2007
 
56,951
0.914
62,284
150.9
-1.37
115.32
2008
 
57,124
0.942
60,654
147.0
-2.62
113.58
2009
 
57,294
0.941
60,891
147.6
0.39
114.50
2010
 
60,385
0.957
63,095
152.9
3.62
115.71
2011
 
62,485
0.981
63,675
154.3
0.92
116.51
2012
 
64,147
1.000
64,147
155.5
0.74
115.95
2013
 
64,453
1.013
63,597
154.1
-0.86
114.86
2014
 
65,893
1.029
64,056
155.2
0.72
114.83
2015
 
67,973
1.031
65,913
159.7
2.90
116.44
2016
 
69,219
1.042
66,406
160.9
0.75
117.76
2017
 
71,967
1.061
67,846
164.4
2.17
118.64
Source: Calculations by the California Regional Economic Analysis Project (CA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,196
0.200
35,953
100.0
N
1970
 
7,615
0.210
36,349
101.1
1.10
1971
 
8,125
0.218
37,202
103.5
2.35
1972
 
8,715
0.226
38,587
107.3
3.72
1973
 
9,360
0.238
39,326
109.4
1.92
1974
 
9,954
0.263
37,877
105.4
-3.69
1975
 
10,742
0.285
37,733
104.9
-0.38
1976
 
11,577
0.300
38,550
107.2
2.17
1977
 
12,442
0.320
38,898
108.2
0.90
1978
 
13,489
0.342
39,429
109.7
1.36
1979
 
14,602
0.373
39,199
109.0
-0.58
1980
 
15,692
0.413
38,030
105.8
-2.98
1981
 
17,091
0.450
38,015
105.7
-0.04
1982
 
18,001
0.475
37,932
105.5
-0.22
1983
 
18,932
0.495
38,267
106.4
0.88
1984
 
20,194
0.513
39,331
109.4
2.78
1985
 
21,143
0.531
39,792
110.7
1.17
1986
 
22,092
0.543
40,692
113.2
2.26
1987
 
23,141
0.560
41,350
115.0
1.62
1988
 
24,425
0.582
42,003
116.8
1.58
1989
 
25,487
0.607
41,996
116.8
-0.02
1990
 
26,625
0.634
42,025
116.9
0.07
1991
 
27,561
0.655
42,095
117.1
0.17
1992
 
29,415
0.672
43,760
121.7
3.96
1993
 
30,143
0.689
43,754
121.7
-0.01
1994
 
30,956
0.703
44,015
122.4
0.60
1995
 
31,658
0.718
44,085
122.6
0.16
1996
 
32,868
0.733
44,813
124.6
1.65
1997
 
34,281
0.746
45,939
127.8
2.51
1998
 
36,079
0.752
47,967
133.4
4.41
1999
 
37,823
0.763
49,547
137.8
3.29
2000
 
39,978
0.782
51,100
142.1
3.13
2001
 
41,477
0.797
52,016
144.7
1.79
2002
 
42,407
0.808
52,491
146.0
0.91
2003
 
43,657
0.824
53,009
147.4
0.99
2004
 
45,458
0.844
53,853
149.8
1.59
2005
 
46,650
0.868
53,737
149.5
-0.22
2006
 
48,444
0.892
54,325
151.1
1.09
2007
 
49,385
0.914
54,009
150.2
-0.58
2008
 
50,294
0.942
53,402
148.5
-1.12
2009
 
50,038
0.941
53,179
147.9
-0.42
2010
 
52,187
0.957
54,529
151.7
2.54
2011
 
53,628
0.981
54,650
152.0
0.22
2012
 
55,324
1.000
55,324
153.9
1.23
2013
 
56,117
1.013
55,371
154.0
0.09
2014
 
57,382
1.029
55,782
155.2
0.74
2015
 
58,377
1.031
56,607
157.4
1.48
2016
 
58,777
1.042
56,389
156.8
-0.38
2017
 
60,660
1.061
57,187
159.1
1.41
Source: Calculations by the California Regional Economic Analysis Project (CA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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