San Diego County vs. California
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
San Diego County:
2017 Jobs = 2,112,512
2017 Percent of State = 9.0%
California:
2017 Jobs = 23,584,800
2017 Percent of State = 12.0%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to San Diego County to work are included in the employment count for San Diego County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wage and salary disbursements and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks San Diego County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, San Diego County's total employment rose from 645,515 in 1969 to 2,112,512 in 2017, for a net gain of 1,466,997, or 227.3%.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks California's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, California's total employment rose from 9,032,738 in 1969 to 23,584,800 in 2017, for a net gain of 14,552,062, or 161.1%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows San Diego County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with California, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
San Diego County's overall total employment growth was 227.3% over 1969-2017 outpaced California's increase of 161.1%, and topped the United States' increase of 115.4%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the California Total: 1969-2017
Total Employment as a Percent of the California Total: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the total employment growth of San Diego County is to compare its individual percentage contributions to California's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster�or declined less�than California's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, San Diego County's total employment totaled 7.1% of California's total employment, while in 2017 it equated to 9.0% thereby yielding a +1.8% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
+1.81%
=
8.96%
-
7.15%
 
   
San Diego County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
San Diego County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of San Diego County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, San Diego County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 2.53% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 1978 (7.58%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-3.22%). In 2017, San Diego County's total employment grew by 1.88%
San Diego County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
San Diego County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again depicts the annual percent change in San Diego County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, San Diego County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 3.98%. It averaged 3.93% during the 1980s, 1.74% in the 1990s, 0.97% in the 2000s, and 1.87% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for San Diego County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for California and the nation. As the chart reveals, San Diego County's average annual total employment growth registered above California's average during the 1970s (3.98% vs. 3.29%), led California's average throughout the 1980s (3.93% vs. 2.81%), exceeded California's average throughout the 1990s (1.74% vs. 1.40%), registered above California's average in the 2000s (0.97% vs. 0.52%), and amounted to less than California's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (1.87% vs. 2.20%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, San Diego County outpaced the nation throughout the 1970s (3.98% vs. 2.21%), topped the nation throughout the 1980s (3.93% vs. 1.88%), surpassed the nation in the 1990s (1.74% vs. 1.73%), led the nation in the 2000s (0.97% vs. 0.74%), and recorded above the nation over 2010-2017 (1.87% vs. 1.54%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
2.53
3.98
3.93
1.74
0.97
1.87
1.88
 
2.04
3.29
2.81
1.40
0.52
2.20
1.79
 
1.62
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.54
1.43
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for San Diego County, California and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.60 between 1969 and 2017. San Diego County's job ratio registered 0.48 in 1969, and 0.63 in 2017. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks San Diego County's, California's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2017.

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
San Diego County:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
645,515
100.0
N
7.15
0.48
106.42
1970
 
647,900
100.4
0.37
7.15
0.47
105.90
1971
 
649,466
100.6
0.24
7.19
0.47
105.37
1972
 
672,285
104.1
3.51
7.18
0.47
104.09
1973
 
707,773
109.6
5.28
7.19
0.47
101.35
1974
 
738,023
114.3
4.27
7.26
0.48
102.08
1975
 
755,698
117.1
2.39
7.35
0.47
101.82
1976
 
786,899
121.9
4.13
7.40
0.48
102.58
1977
 
837,772
129.8
6.46
7.53
0.49
102.17
1978
 
901,275
139.6
7.58
7.63
0.51
102.79
1979
 
951,199
147.4
5.54
7.63
0.52
103.30
1980
 
988,237
153.1
3.89
7.74
0.53
105.03
1981
 
994,581
154.1
0.64
7.69
0.52
103.06
1982
 
1,001,945
155.2
0.74
7.79
0.51
103.08
1983
 
1,036,404
160.6
3.44
7.86
0.51
103.82
1984
 
1,099,543
170.3
6.09
7.97
0.53
104.11
1985
 
1,160,801
179.8
5.57
8.13
0.55
104.93
1986
 
1,215,030
188.2
4.67
8.26
0.55
105.21
1987
 
1,277,030
197.8
5.10
8.35
0.56
104.97
1988
 
1,349,526
209.1
5.68
8.42
0.57
104.49
1989
 
1,396,314
216.3
3.47
8.50
0.57
103.53
1990
 
1,426,402
221.0
2.15
8.47
0.57
102.45
1991
 
1,436,665
222.6
0.72
8.58
0.56
103.45
1992
 
1,406,200
217.8
-2.12
8.58
0.54
100.68
1993
 
1,402,948
217.3
-0.23
8.57
0.54
99.64
1994
 
1,408,463
218.2
0.39
8.52
0.54
98.30
1995
 
1,440,496
223.2
2.27
8.50
0.55
98.84
1996
 
1,479,423
229.2
2.70
8.53
0.56
99.50
1997
 
1,521,768
235.7
2.86
8.61
0.57
99.71
1998
 
1,608,606
249.2
5.71
8.73
0.59
102.31
1999
 
1,656,310
256.6
2.97
8.78
0.59
102.57
2000
 
1,696,547
262.8
2.43
8.82
0.60
102.38
2001
 
1,713,767
265.5
1.02
8.86
0.60
102.82
2002
 
1,749,463
271.0
2.08
9.04
0.60
105.09
2003
 
1,782,103
276.1
1.87
9.15
0.61
106.90
2004
 
1,812,986
280.9
1.73
9.16
0.62
107.31
2005
 
1,837,287
284.6
1.34
9.13
0.63
107.22
2006
 
1,861,439
288.4
1.31
9.08
0.63
107.15
2007
 
1,890,307
292.8
1.55
9.05
0.64
106.58
2008
 
1,882,625
291.6
-0.41
9.11
0.62
105.70
2009
 
1,821,926
282.2
-3.22
9.18
0.60
105.15
2010
 
1,804,107
279.5
-0.98
9.18
0.58
103.99
2011
 
1,828,222
283.2
1.34
9.15
0.58
103.05
2012
 
1,877,293
290.8
2.68
9.08
0.59
103.57
2013
 
1,920,961
297.6
2.33
9.01
0.60
103.58
2014
 
1,973,127
305.7
2.72
8.97
0.61
103.65
2015
 
2,030,156
314.5
2.89
8.95
0.62
104.09
2016
 
2,073,606
321.2
2.14
8.95
0.63
104.55
2017
 
2,112,512
327.3
1.88
8.96
0.63
105.11
Source: Calculations by the California Regional Economic Analysis Project (CA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
California:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
9,032,738
100.0
N
9.92
0.46
101.31
1970
 
9,056,897
100.3
0.27
9.92
0.45
100.99
1971
 
9,036,074
100.0
-0.23
9.87
0.44
100.30
1972
 
9,368,468
103.7
3.68
9.93
0.46
100.99
1973
 
9,843,939
109.0
5.08
10.00
0.47
101.29
1974
 
10,163,089
112.5
3.24
10.15
0.48
102.29
1975
 
10,286,346
113.9
1.21
10.40
0.48
104.05
1976
 
10,632,968
117.7
3.37
10.47
0.48
103.81
1977
 
11,119,255
123.1
4.57
10.59
0.50
104.08
1978
 
11,815,943
130.8
6.27
10.77
0.52
104.76
1979
 
12,460,727
138.0
5.46
11.01
0.54
106.35
1980
 
12,761,955
141.3
2.42
11.20
0.54
106.89
1981
 
12,934,962
143.2
1.36
11.26
0.53
106.35
1982
 
12,862,878
142.4
-0.56
11.27
0.52
105.16
1983
 
13,182,023
145.9
2.48
11.40
0.52
105.08
1984
 
13,796,978
152.7
4.67
11.45
0.53
104.45
1985
 
14,284,986
158.1
3.54
11.54
0.54
103.83
1986
 
14,709,923
162.9
2.97
11.65
0.54
103.25
1987
 
15,300,046
169.4
4.01
11.81
0.55
103.02
1988
 
16,021,802
177.4
4.72
12.00
0.56
103.04
1989
 
16,425,901
181.8
2.52
12.06
0.56
101.89
1990
 
16,834,515
186.4
2.49
12.17
0.56
101.40
1991
 
16,750,052
185.4
-0.50
12.17
0.55
101.06
1992
 
16,390,983
181.5
-2.14
11.86
0.53
98.24
1993
 
16,367,123
181.2
-0.15
11.63
0.52
96.63
1994
 
16,540,724
183.1
1.06
11.47
0.53
95.87
1995
 
16,939,791
187.5
2.41
11.45
0.53
96.21
1996
 
17,341,994
192.0
2.37
11.48
0.54
96.59
1997
 
17,667,115
195.6
1.87
11.43
0.54
95.95
1998
 
18,432,219
204.1
4.33
11.63
0.56
97.26
1999
 
18,855,775
208.7
2.30
11.67
0.56
97.23
2000
 
19,228,440
212.9
1.98
11.63
0.57
96.53
2001
 
19,341,458
214.1
0.59
11.69
0.56
96.58
2002
 
19,358,164
214.3
0.09
11.73
0.56
96.71
2003
 
19,478,671
215.6
0.62
11.74
0.55
96.61
2004
 
19,784,145
219.0
1.57
11.72
0.56
96.45
2005
 
20,126,877
222.8
1.73
11.68
0.56
96.33
2006
 
20,505,187
227.0
1.88
11.66
0.57
96.58
2007
 
20,888,396
231.3
1.87
11.63
0.58
96.68
2008
 
20,654,292
228.7
-1.12
11.52
0.56
95.74
2009
 
19,837,628
219.6
-3.95
11.42
0.54
94.82
2010
 
19,642,444
217.5
-0.98
11.36
0.53
94.15
2011
 
19,986,021
221.3
1.75
11.35
0.53
93.89
2012
 
20,666,908
228.8
3.41
11.55
0.54
95.37
2013
 
21,319,995
236.0
3.16
11.69
0.56
96.43
2014
 
21,998,371
243.5
3.18
11.81
0.57
97.25
2015
 
22,688,560
251.2
3.14
11.92
0.58
98.05
2016
 
23,169,071
256.5
2.12
11.98
0.59
98.61
2017
 
23,584,800
261.1
1.79
12.02
0.60
99.07
Source: Calculations by the California Regional Economic Analysis Project (CA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,235,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,317,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,368,900
212.4
1.60
0.60
2017
 
196,132,200
215.4
1.43
0.60
Source: Calculations by the California Regional Economic Analysis Project (CA-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2018. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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